Other Common Prohibited Substances/Methods

Substances and Methods Prohibited at All Times (In- and Out-of-competition)

Substance Potential Side Effects
Beta-2 Agonists Increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, nausea and tremors
Hormone and Modulators
(e.g. Anti-estrogenic Substances)
Hot flushes, sweating, insomnia and osteoporosis
Diuretics and Other Masking Agents Dehydration, muscle cramps, drop in blood pressure, electrolyte imbalance, dizziness or fainting
Method Potential Side Effects
Manipulation of Blood and Blood Components Increased risk of infection, development of blood clot, heart attacks, strokes and pulmonary embolism
Gene and Cell Doping The technology is new and dangerous. Side effects are unpredictable.

Substances Prohibited In- competition Only

Substance Potential Side Effects
  • Increase pain threshold and failure to recognize injury, weakened immune system, decreased heart rate and suppressed respiratory system
  • Loss in balance, coordination and concentration
  • Highly addictive leading to physical and psychological dependence
Glucocorticoids Loss of muscle mass, reduced bone density, immunosuppression, hyperglycemia, weight gain and gastric ulcer

Substances Prohibited in Particular Sports

Substance Potential Side Effects
Beta-Blockers Lowered blood pressure, slow heart rate, fatigue, depression, sexual dysfunction


 icon-exclamation-triangle This is not the full list. For complete and detailed information, please refer to the current Prohibited List.

 icon-arrow-circle-down  The Prohibited List 2020