Other Common Prohibited Substances/Prohibited Methods

Substances and Methods Prohibited at All Times (In- and Out-of-competition)

Substance Potential Side Effects
Beta-2 Agonists
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, nausea and tremors
Hormone and Modulators
(e.g. Anti-estrogenic Substances)
  • Hot flushes, sweating, insomnia and osteoporosis
Diuretics and Other Masking Agents
  • Dehydration, muscle cramps, drop in blood pressure, electrolyte imbalance, dizziness or fainting
Method Potential Side Effects
Manipulation of Blood and Blood Components
  • Increased risk of infection, development of blood clot, heart attacks, strokes and pulmonary embolism
Gene and Cell Doping
  • The technology is new and dangerous. Side effects are unpredictable.

Substances Prohibited In- competition Only

Substance Potential Side Effects
  • Increase pain threshold and failure to recognize injury, weakened immune system, decreased heart rate and suppressed respiratory system
  • Loss in balance, coordination and concentration
  • Highly addictive leading to physical and psychological dependence
  • Loss of muscle mass, reduced bone density, immunosuppression, hyperglycemia, weight gain and gastric ulcer

Substances Prohibited in Particular Sports

Substance Potential Side Effects
  • Lowered blood pressure, slow heart rate, fatigue, depression, sexual dysfunction


 icon-exclamation-triangle This is not the full list. For complete and detailed information, please refer to the current Prohibited List.

icon-arrow-circle-down The 2023 Prohibited List 

icon-arrow-circle-down The 2024 Prohibited List (effective 1 January 2024)