Anti-Doping Rule Violations

  Rule 1: Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites in an Athlete’s sample

It is a violation if a sample (urine or blood) provided by an Athlete is tested positive for prohibited substances or its metabolites. According to the Principle of Strict Liability, Athlete is responsible for any prohibited substance found in his or her samples, no matter if the prohibited substance is used intentionally or not.

  Rule 2: Use or attempted use by an Athlete of a prohibited substance or method

A rule violation is established when there is valid proof, such as admissions by the Athletes, witness statement, documentary evidence or conclusions drawn from analysis of athlete’s samples, indicating the Athlete has used or attempted to use a prohibited substance or method.

 icon-minus-circle Rule 3: Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection

Athletes have to submit to sample collection carried out by anti-doping authorities at anytime and anywhere. Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection without compelling justification is a violation of the rule.

 icon-minus-circle Rule 4: Whereabouts failures

Athletes included in testing pools have to meet the whereabouts requirements. Accurate and updated whereabouts information (e.g. residential address, training and competition details, etc.) must be submitted on time on a quarterly basis to allow doping tests to be conducted anytime and anywhere. Any combination of 3 Filing Failures and Missed tests within a 12-month period constitutes a violation of the rule.

 icon-minus-circle Rule 5: Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control

Examples of tampering include, but not limited to, interfering with a Doping Control official, providing fraudulent information to an Anti-Doping Organization, or intimidating a potential witness.

 icon-minus-circle Rule 6: Possession of prohibited substance or method

It will be a violation of the rule if Athletes or Athlete Support Personnel possess prohibited substance/method without justification or a valid Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE).

 icon-minus-circle Rule 7: Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance/method

 icon-minus-circle Rule 8: Administration or attempted administration to any Athlete of prohibited substance/method

 icon-minus-circle Rule 9: Complicity

Any person assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or attempted anti-doping rule violation will constitute a violation.

 icon-minus-circle Rule 10: Prohibited Association

Association by an Athlete or other person in a professional or sport-related capacity with any Athlete Support Person who is serving a period of ineligibility, or who has been convicted in a criminal, disciplinary or professional proceedings due to engagement in conduct which would have violated the anti-doping rules, will constitute a violation.