Rule 1: Presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athlete’s Sample
It is a violation if a sample (urine or blood) provided by an Athlete is tested positive for prohibited substances or its metabolites or markers. According to the Principle of Strict Liability, Athlete is responsible for any prohibited substance found in his or her samples, no matter if the prohibited substance is used intentionally or not.
Rule 2: Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method
A rule violation is established when there is valid proof, such as admissions by the Athletes, witness statements, documentary evidence or conclusions drawn from analysis of Athlete’s samples, indicating the Athlete has used or attempted to use a prohibited substance or prohibited method.
icon-minus-circle Rule 3: Evading, Refusing or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection by an Athlete
Athletes have to submit to sample collection carried out by anti-doping authorities at anytime and anywhere. Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection without compelling justification after notification by a duly authorized person is a violation of the rule.
icon-minus-circle Rule 4: Whereabouts Failures by an Athlete
Any combination of 3 Missed Tests and/or Filing Failures, as defined in the International Standard for Results Management, within a 12-month period by an Athlete in a Registered Testing Pool.
icon-minus-circle Rule 5: Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any Part of Doping Control by an Athlete or Other Person
Tampering shall include, without limitation, offering or accepting a bribe to perform or fail to perform an act, preventing the collection of a Sample, affecting or making impossible the analysis of a Sample, falsifying documents submitted to an Anti-Doping Organization (ADO) or Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE) committee or hearing panel, procuring false testimony from witnesses, committing any other fraudulent act upon the ADO or hearing body to affect Results Management or the imposition of Consequences, and any other similar intentional interference or attempted interference with any aspect of Doping Control.
icon-minus-circle Rule 6: Possession of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method by an Athlete or Athlete Support Person
It will be a violation of the rule if an Athlete or Athlete Support Person possess any prohibited substance/or prohibited method without acceptable justification or a valid TUE.
icon-minus-circle Rule 7: Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method by an Athlete or Other Person
icon-minus-circle Rule 8: Administration or Attempted Administration by an Athlete or Other Person to any Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method that is Prohibited Out-of-Competition
icon-minus-circle Rule 9: Complicity or Attempted Complicity by an Athlete or Other Person
Any person assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity or attempted complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation or attempted anti-doping rule violation constitutes a violation. Complicity or Attempted Complicity may include either physical or psychological assistance.
icon-minus-circle Rule 10: Prohibited Association by an Athlete or Other Person
Association by an Athlete or other Person in a professional or sport-related capacity with any Athlete Support Person who is serving a period of ineligibility, or who has been convicted in a criminal, disciplinary or professional proceedings to have engaged in conduct which would have violated the anti-doping rules, constitutes a violation.
The global list of Athlete Support Personnel who are currently suspended can be downloaded on WADA’s website:
icon-minus-circle Rule 11: Acts by an Athlete or Other Person to Discourage or Retaliate Against Reporting to Authorities
Any act which threatens or seeks to intimidate another Person with the intent of discouraging the Person from the good-faith reporting of information that relates to an alleged anti-doping rule violation or alleged non-compliance with the Code; or retaliation against a Person who, in good faith, has provided evidence or information that relates to an alleged anti-doping rule violation or alleged non-compliance with the Code is a violation of the rule.